Употребление и значение предлогов в английском языке


Значение предлога


Prepo —

Meaning of a Preposition


AT 1. Местоположение (на, в, при, у)
2. Время (в, в часах и минутах)
1. He is at the station.
2. I am sitting at my table.
3. He came at noon.
4. Come at five o’clock.
ON 1. Местоположение (на)
2. О, об, на какую-либо тему
3. Время (в, в днях и датах)
1. The book is on the table.
2. This is a book on chemistry.
3. What do you do on your day off?
4. Come on Monday.
5. I shall go there on the 2nd of June.
IN 1. Местоположение (в)
2. Время (в, в месяцах и годах)
1. The letter is in my drawer.
2. He is in the room.
3. It took place in 1925.
4. Spring begins in March.
TO 1. Направление (в, на)
2. Дательный падеж в Русском языке (вопросы кому? и чему?)
1. They went to the concert.
2. He came to Moscow last year.
3. Let us go to the Picture Gallery.
4. Give this book to the teacher.
INTO 1. Направление (внутрь) 1. Put this book into my drawer.
2. He fell into a pool.
FROM 1. Направление (от, на)
2. Время (с, от)
1. We are coming from the theatre.
2. Take a book from the shelf.
3. I shall be busy from ten a.m. till nine p.m.
BEFORE 1. Время (перед, до) 1. The attack began before sunrise.
2. It happened 200 years before our era.
3. Afgan war started fifteen years before the Chechen one.
TILL 1. Время (до) 1. Till the end of this week I shall be busy.
2. From five till eight we have our English lessons in the Complex Systems school.
ABOUT 1. Относительно (о)
2. Место (около, вокруг)
3. Время (около)
1. Please, tell me about this affair.
2. This is a story about a little boy.
3. He wandered about our house.
4. Come about two o’clock.
5. It was about midnight when he came home.
FOR 1. Время (в течение)
2. Цель (на)
3. Причина (для)
4. Направление (в)
1. I have lived here for two years.
2. He has been waiting for you for three hours.
3. I went for a walk.
4. That can be useful for you.
5. Here is a present for Kate.
6. We left for Nizny Novgorod at ten o’clock
OF 1. Относительно (о)
2. Родительный падеж в Русском языке (вопросы чей? кого? и чего?)
1. The summit of the richest countries of the world is called «The Great Seven»
2. The harvest of this year is very rich.
3. You must never speak badly of him.
WITH 1. С, вместе
2. От (удивления), со (страха)
3. Творительный падеж в Русском языке (вопросы кем? и чем?)
1. We write with pencils.
2. The Chirch of the Christ the Saviour (Храм Христа-Спасителя) was destroyed with dynamite.
3. I went to the Manejnaya Plaza Trading Centre with my parents.
4. Her face was pale with fear.
5. He was quite red with anger.
BY 1. Местоположение (возле, рядом, подле, у)
2. Творительный падеж в Русском языке (вопросы кем? и чем?)
1. This was done by her.
2. This novel is written by a well-known writer.
3. They spent the evening by the fireplace.
4. He sat for hours by his brother’s bedside.

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